Office Engineer

 

     INDIAN TRAILS TO INTERSTATES: THE STORY OF ALABAMA'S ROAD SYSTEM

 

By Don Dodd and Gary Reeves

 

Published by the Public Affairs Office

 

Table of Contents

 

I.      Introduction-Alabama's Early Roads ....................................................................1

        A.  European Explorers and Settlers in Alabama, 1507-1813 ..................................5

        B.  Indian Trails and Indian Trade .......................................................................12

        C.  Frontier Roads .............................................................................................19

 

II.    Frontier and Antebellum Travel. ..........................................................................30

       A.  Ferries and Covered Bridges .........................................................................33

       B.  The Keelboatmen and Road Bandits ...............................................................42

       C.  Taverns, Inns or "Stands" ...............................................................................46

       D.  Stagecoaches, Mail Routes, and the "Horse Express" ......................................53

 

III.  Nineteenth Century Roads..................................................................................70

      A.   Frontier and Antebellum Roadbuilding and the "Turnpike Movement" ...............70

      B.   The "Dark Ages of Public Roads" ..................................................................79

      C.   Good Roads .................................................................................................83

      D.   Automobile Revolution ................................................................................105

 

IV  Alabama's Highway Department.........................................................................119

      A.   The Formative Years, 1911-1925 .................................................................119

      B.   The "Patch Road Era," 1925-1938.................................................................132

      C.   World War II and Aftermath, 1938-1956.......................................................142

 

V.  Alabama Highways in the Modem Era ................................................................153

      A.   The Interstate System .................................................................................153

 

VI. Appendixes........................................................................................................161

      A.   Statistical Summary......................................................................................161

      B.   Early Alabama Taverns ................................................................................50

      C.Antebellum Mail Routes ...................................................................................55

           

VII.Bibliography ......................................................................................................175